Chechnya: From Nationalism to Jihad (National and Ethnic Conflict in the 21st Century)

Chechnya: From Nationalism to Jihad (National and Ethnic Conflict in the 21st Century) - James Hughes **This review is particularly for Randy for he sweetly anticipates my perspective.**I will not evaluate this book per se. When politically acute manuscripts are grasped I refrain from viewing through its technicalities and focus on its erudite impetus. I do not give a rat’s ass to the author’s literary style or synchronization. All that matters is the articulacy of problematic inceptions that materialize from the printed prose.Chechnya, ‘Kurdistan’(varies with regional ethnicity),East Timor, Myanmar, Palestine terrains, Congo, Sudan and Kashmir; these are just few of the numerous explosive landscapes where life is celebrated every night as it may not be able to see the subsequent sunrise. As a woman who has matured among the recurrent news of the bestowed atrocities on Kashmiri residents and rebellious bloodshed propelled with a religious garb, I desire to yelp each disturbing question that churns in my agitated mind.1):- Is human life only valued on the basis of their birthplace, caste or religion?2):- What makes an individual resort to the utmost inhumane tactics engulfing every guiltless soul that come in the way of their "existential sovereignty"?3):- Why is 'free will' the merely valued gem of human existence abused with a deathly gusto?4):-Why is hatred spewed beneath the roofs of sycophancy and falsified harmonious assertions?5):- What is the root cause of the leeching terror that never seems to stop sucking blood from cores of unscathed living?6):-Why do we restore fear in the fearless (children), flinging them in an abyss of boundless nightmares?Chechnya found a prominent listing in my politically contested world through the dishonorable Beslan School Massacre(September 1,2004),when a group of Ingush and Chechen militants took more than 1000 people(including 777 children) hostage in a three-day fatal anguish ensuing 300 horrific deaths. While scrutinizing the repercussions of terror hostilities, the mass devastation blurs our senses to an abnormality of muddled judgments. I am not and never will defend any terror mechanisms; however through the pandemonium we tend to overlook the obvious-"thinking outside the box". Through all the denied allegations the truth of the flourishing power-mongers and tainted governmental operations cannot be washed away as it subconsciously sows the seeds of uncouth rebellion with a thirst for self-identity.In the late1980s during Gorbachev’s regime, Chechnya was one of the most politically stable secular parts of the Soviet Union.After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991; numerous regions sought independence establishing separate political systems. The Chechen-Ingush ASSR was split into two: the Republic of Ingushetia and Republic of Chechnya. The latter proclaimed the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, which sought independence. However, and then President Boris Yeltsin snubbed Chechen’s declaration of independence declining to accept Chechnya as separate republic. Speculatively it was inferred as ‘oil’ being the main element for Yeltsin’s denial; since a major pipe line carried the oil from Baku onto the Caspian Sea and from Chechnya through Ukraine. Frail egos, misgovernmental policies and refusal of peaceful agreements resulted in two brutal wars in the 1990s terminating into tormenting genocide. Since then there has been a systematic restoration and upgrading process, though sporadic fighting continues in the mountains and southern regions of the republic. Steady rise in religious radicalism, political violence and conflicting nationalist hegemony, led to terror insurgence embedded in the antithesis, jihad. Furthermore, Chechen resistance has been linked to Bin Laden’s demonizing repertoire of vengeance against the "West" making it one of the most litigious issues in international political inconsistency.Terror is an influential weapon used to attain egotistical motives in the cloak of religion; a devious cloak indoctrinating radical extremities in the feeble. When faith submerges in the unfathomable squalid of raging supremacy and audacious fervor, humanity dissolves in the reins of brutality. Consequently, how must a demarcation be set between legitimize use of violence confronting unethical governmental systems, imperialism and the exploit of terrorism against a justifiable decree? Or are they no resolutions to indispensable lessons learned from horrific conflicts hindering every nonviolent prospect. I vividly recount the BBC documentary on the Beslan outcome. From the profusely aired interviews of victims (dominantly children) and the Beslan populace, rancorous tones erupted from every uttered expression of revenge and atheist connotations seeking answers from deafened authorities for the bequeathed mayhem.It irks me immensely to be a voiceless spectator to the continuing Hammurabi-‘eye for an eye’ coded sadistic global cycle termed "justice".